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Morocco

Flag of Morocco

Background Information

  • In 788, about a century after the Arab conquest of North Africa, successive Moorish dynasties began to rule in Morocco. In the 16th century, the Sa'adi monarchy, particularly under Ahmad AL-MANSUR (1578-1603), repelled foreign invaders and inaugurated a golden age.
  • In 1860, Spain occupied northern Morocco and ushered in a half century of trade rivalry among European powers that saw Morocco's sovereignty steadily erode; in 1912, the French imposed a protectorate over the country.
  • A protracted independence struggle with France ended successfully in 1956.
  • The internationalized city of Tangier and most Spanish possessions were turned over to the new country that same year.
  • Morocco virtually annexed Western Sahara during the late 1970s, but final resolution on the status of the territory remains unresolved.
  • Gradual political reforms in the 1990s resulted in the establishment of a bicameral legislature, which first met in 1997.
  • Improvements in human rights have occurred and there is a largely free press. Despite the continuing reforms, ultimate authority remains in the hands of the monarch.

Overview

Location: Northern Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea, between Algeria and Western Sahara
Geographic coordinates:                                                   32deg 00’ N, 5deg 00’ W
Area:

total: 446,550 sq km land: 446,300 sq km water: 250 sq km

Irrigated land: 14,450 sq km (2003)
Natural resources: phosphates, iron ore, manganese, lead,
zinc, fish, salt
Land use: arable land: 19% permanent crops: 2% other: 79% (2005)
Natural hazards: periodic cyclones, drought, and locust infestation

Population

Population 33,757,175 (July 2007 est.)
Age structure:                                                                                                                         0-14 years: 31% (male 5,339,730/female 5,140,482) 15-64 years: 63.9% (male 10,750,240/female 10,815,470) 65 years and over: 5.1% (male 740,686/female 970,567) (2007 est.)
Nationality: noun: Moroccan(s) adjective: Moroccan
Ethnic groups: Arab-Berber 99.1%, other 0.7%, Jewish 0.2%
Ethnic groups: Malayo-Indonesian (Merina and related Betsileo), Cotiers (mixed African, Malayo-Indonesian, and Arab ancestry - Betsimisaraka, Tsimihety, Antaisaka, Sakalava), French, Indian, Creole, Comoran
Religions: Muslim 98.7%, Christian 1.1%, Jewish 0.2%
Languages: Arabic (official), Berber dialects, French often the language of business, government, and diplomacy
Population growth rate: 1.528% (2007 est.)
Birth rate: 21.64 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Death rate: 5.54 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 0.1% (2001 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: 15,000 (2001 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 71.22 years male: 68.88 years female: 73.67 years (2007 est.)
Literacy: Age 15 and over that can read or write
Total Population 52.3%
Male 65.7%
Female 39.6%

Sovereignty

Government constitutional monarchy
Country name:                                                                                 conventional long form: Kingdom of Morocco conventional short form: Morocco local long form: Al Mamlakah al Maghribiyah local short form: Al Maghrib
Capital: name: Rabat
Independence: 2 March 1956 (from France)
National holiday: Throne Day (accession of King MOHAMED VI to the throne), 30 July (1999)
Constitution: 10 March 1972; revised 4 September 1992, amended (to create bicameral legislature) September 199
Legal system: based on Islamic law and French and Spanish civil law systems
Head of state: King Mohamed VI
Head of government: Prime Minister Abbas EL FASSI
Foreign Affairs Minister: Mohamed Benaissa
Interior Minister: Driss Jettou
Justice Minister: Omar Azziman
Islamic Affairs Minister: M'Daghri Alaoui
Morocco South African Embassy
Chargé d'Affaires e.t. - Mr N K M Seleka
Telephone + 212 37 70 67 60
Fax + 212 37 72 45 50 / +212 37 70 67 56
South Africa  Morocco Embassy
Charge d'Affaires a.i - Mr M H Defouad
Telephone - 021 343 0230
Fax - 021 343 0613

Banking And Business

Overview Moroccan economic policies brought macroeconomic stability to the country in the early 1990s but have not spurred growth sufficient to reduce unemployment - nearing 20% in urban areas - despite the Moroccan Government's ongoing efforts to diversify the economy
Morocco's GDP growth rate slowed to 2.1% in 2007 as a result of a draught that severely reduced agricultural output and necessitated wheat imports at rising world prices.
Moroccan authorities are implementing reform efforts to open the economy to international investors. Despite structural adjustment programs supported by the IMF, the World Bank, and the Paris Club, the dirham is only fully convertible for current account transactions. In 2000, Morocco entered an Association Agreement with the EU and, in 2006, entered a Free Trade Agreement (FTA) with the US.  
GDP - real growth rate: 2.1% (2007 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): $3,800 (2007 est.)
GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 15% industry: 38.2% services: 46.8% (2007 est.) 
Labor force: 11.35 million (2007 est.)
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 40% industry: 15% services: 45% (2003 est.)
Unemployment rate: 15% (2007 est.)
Population below poverty line: 15% (2007 est.)
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: 2.6% highest 10%: 30.9% (1999)
Public debt: 63.6% of GDP (2007 est.)
Agriculture - products: barley, wheat, citrus, wine, vegetables, olives; livestock
Industries: phosphate rock mining and processing, food processing, leather goods, textiles, construction, tourism Industrial production growth rate: 6% (2007 est.)
Exports - commodities: clothing and textiles, electric components, inorganic chemicals, transistors, crude minerals, fertilizers (including phosphates), petroleum products, citrus fruits, vegetables, fish
Imports - commodities: crude petroleum, textile fabric, telecommunications equipment, wheat, gas and electricity, transistors, plastics
Currency (code): Moroccan dirham (MAD)

Media overview

Radio broadcast stations:                                                         AM 27, FM 25, shortwave 6 (1998)
Radios: 6.64 million (1997)
Television broadcast stations: 35 (plus 66 repeaters) (1995)
Televisions: 3.1 million (1997)
Internet country code: .ma
Internet hosts: 137,187 (2007)
Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 8 (2000)
Internet users: 6.1 million (2006)
 

Advertising in Morocco

Market share

  • Television - 49%
  • Radio - 23%
  • Outdoor - 23%
  • Newspaper - 5%
 

Schooling And Holidays

Images

Media

Tv Stations

  • 2M - French
  • Assadissa - Arabic
  • Television Morocaine
  • Societe Nationale de Radiodiffusion et de Television - Arabic, French, English, Spanish

Radio Stations

  • 2M - Arabic and French
  • Hit maroc - French
  • Medi 1 - Arabic and French
  • Radio sawa Morocco - Arabic
  • Societe Nationale de Radiodiffusion et de Television - Arabic, Berber, French and English
  • Chada FM - French
  • Radio plus - French
  • Radio Aswat - French
  • Chasa FM - French
  • Radio Atlantic
  • SNRT Chain Inter
  • SNRT Coranique - French
  • SNRT Arabic - Arabic
  • Radio Mediteranee Internatioale - Arabic/French

Magazines

Newspapers

  • Ahdath Maghribiya - Arabic
  • Al – Alam - Arabic
  • Al – massae - Arabic
  • Al Bayane - Arabic
  • Al-Anbaa - Arabic
  • Al-Haraka - Arabic
  • Al-Ittihad Al-Ichtiraki - Arabic
  • Al-Sahifa Al-Maghribia Arabic
  • Assabah - Arabic
  • Assahrae Al-Maghribia - Arabic
  • Attajdid - Arabic
  • Aujourd’hui Le Maroc - French
  • Bayane Al-Yaoume - Arabic
  • Le Matin - French
  • L'Economiste - French
  • Liberation - French
  • L'Opinion - French
  • Mapress - French

Weekly Newspapers

  • Ad-Dimokrati - Arabic
  • Asdae Weekly - Arabic
  • La Gazette du Moroc - French
  • La Novelle Tribune - French
  • La Verite - French
  • LaVie Economique - French
  • Le Journal Hebdomadaire` - French
  • Le Reporter - French
  • La Gazette du Moroc - French
  • Maroc Hebdo International - French
  • Nichane - Arabic
  • Telquel - French

Outdoor Media

Country Data
News