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Swaziland

Flag of Swaziland

Background Information

  • Swaziland lies across the great geological fault which runs from Drakensburg Mountains of Lesotho, north through Eastern highlands of Zimbabwe, forms the Great Rift Valley of Kenya and, eventually, ends in present – day Turkey.
  • A small, land – locked Kingdom, Swaziland is bordered in the North, West and South by the Republic of south Africa and by the Mozambique in the East.
  • Swaziland has a land area of only 17,364 square kilometers, roughly the size of Wales or the American State New Jersey, and it contains four separate geographical regions.

Overview

Capital Mbabane
Currency Lilangeni (SZL)
Major Ethnic Groups                             Black 97%
European 3%
Main Languages English (Offical)
Siswati (Official)

Population

Religious Breakdown                         Zionist 40%
Roman Catholic 20%
Muslim 10%
Other’s 30%
Population (2004 est. @ 0.55% Growth pa): 1.169 million
0-14 years 41%
15-64 years 55.3%
64 years and over 3.7%
HIVAIDS Adult Prevalence Rate 38.8%
People Living with HIV/AIDS: 220,000 (2003 est.)
Deaths 17,000
Labour Force 300,000 (2006)
Labour Force by Sector Agriculture: NA%
Industry: NA%
Services: NA%
Literacy: Age 15 and over that can read or write
Total Population 81.6%
Male 82.6%
Female 80.8% (2003 est.)

Sovereignty

Government Monarchy
Constitution Signed by the King in July 2005 went into effect on 8 February 2006
Legal System                                                                 South African Roman-Dutch law & accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations
Chief of State King MSWATI III (since 25 April 1986)
Head of Government Prime Minister Absolom Themba Dlamini
Elections None; the monarch is hereditary; prime minister appointed by the monarch from among the elected members of the House of Assembly
Cabinet Cabinet recommended by the prime minister and confirmed by the monarch
Prime Minister Absolom Themba Dlamini

Banking And Business

Banking & Office Hours Mon-Fri (08h00-16h45)
GDP Purchasing Power Parity $6.018 billion (2006 est.)
Real Growth Rate 2.1% (2006 est.)
Per Capital $5,300 (2006 est.)
Composition By Sector                                                                                                 Agriculture: 8.6%
Industry: 49.7%
Services: 41.7% (2006 est.)
Industries Coal, Wood Pulp, Sugar, Soft Drink Concentrates, Textile and Apparel
Electricity Electricity Production 156.3 million kWh (2005)
Electricity Consumption 1.123 billion kWh (2005)
Electricity Exports 0 kWh
Electricity Imports 697 million kWh, electricity supplied by South Africa
Transportation Railways Total 301 km
Narrow Gauge 301 km 1.067-m gauge (2006)
Roadways Total: 3,594 km
Paved 1,078 km
Unpaved 2,516 km (2002)
Waterways None
Harbours and Ports None
Air Transport Although no international flights call at Matsapha airport near Manzini, Royal Swazi National airways fly scheduled services to Botswana, Kenya, Lesotho, Mozambique, South Africa, Tanzania, Zambia & Zimbabwe
Economy In this small, landlocked economy, subsistence agriculture occupies more than 80% of the population
Exports $820 billion FOB (2002 est.)
Soft drink concentrates, sugar, wood pulp, cotton yarn, refrigerators, citrus and canned fruit
Imports $2.274 billion f.o.b. (2006 est.)
Motor vehicles, machinery, transport equipment, foodstuffs, petroleum products, chemicals
Major trading partners South Africa, EU, US, Mozambique, Japan, Singapore

Schooling And Holidays

Public Holidays                            











 
Jan 01 New Years Day
April 18 Good Friday
April 19 Birthday of King Mswati
April 21 Easter Monday
April 25 National Flag Day
May 01 Labour Day
May 29 Ascension Day
Jul 22 Birthday of the late King Sobhuza
Aug/Sep Umhlanga Reed Day
Sep 6 Somhlolo Day (Independence Day)
Dec 25 Christmas day
Dec 26 Boxing Day
Dec/Jan Incwala Ceremony
 
 

Images

Media

Tv Stations

TV Stations
  • Swazi TV English & Siswati
  • Multichoice

Radio Stations

  • Radio Swaziland English
  • Radio Swaziland Siswati
  • Swaziland Commercial Radio English & Portuguese
  • Communities Broadcasting Portuguese, Italian, & Greek
  • Trans World Radio English & 28 African Languages

Magazines

Newspapers

  • Sunday Swazi Times (Weekly) English
  • Swazi News (Weekly) English
  • Swaziland Observer (Daily) English
  • Tikhatsi Tema Swati (Daily) Siswati
  • Times of Swaziland (Daily) English

Outdoor Media

Suburb Signs:
1.6m x 1.2m

Billboards:
3m x 6m
6m x 12m

Country Data
News