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Flag of Angola

Background Information

  • Angola is rebuilding its country after the end of a 27-year civil war in 2002. Fighting between the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA), led by Jose Eduardo DOS SANTOS, and the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA), led by Jonas SAVIMBI, followed independence from Portugal in 1975. Peace seemed imminent in 1992 whenAngola held national elections, but UNITA renewed fighting after being beaten by the MPLA at the polls.
  • Up to 1.5 million lives may have been lost - and 4 million people displaced - in the quarter century of fighting.
  • SAVIMBI's death in 2002 ended UNITA's insurgency and strengthened the MPLA's hold on power.
  • While President DOS SANTOS had pledged to hold legislative elections in 2007, he has since announced that legislative elections will be held in 2008, with Presidential elections planned for 2009.
  • A specific election timetable has yet to be established.
  • Environment Issues
  • Overuse of pastures and subsequent soil erosion attributable to population increase and issues, desertification, deforestation and tropical rain forest
  • This is in response to both international demand for tropical timber and to domestic use as fuel resulting in loss of bio - diversity
  • Soil erosion contributing to water pollution and salutation of rivers and dams
  • Economic Overview
  • Angola has been an economy in disarray because of a quarter century of nearly continuous warfare. An apparently durable peace was established after the death of rebel leader Jona Savimbi on February 22, 2002
  • However consequences from the conflict continue including the impact of the wide - spread landmines
  • Subsistence agriculture provides the main livelihood for 85% of the population. Oil production and the supporting activities are vital to the economy, contributing to about 45% to GDP and more than half of exports, however much of the countries food must still be imported
  • To fully take advantage of its rich natural resources :- gold; diamonds; extensive forests; Atlantic fisheries and large oil deposits Angola will need to continue reforming government policies in aid of reducing corruption
  • While Angola made progress in bringing inflation down further from 325% in 2000 to 106% in 2002
  • The government has failed to make sufficient progress on reforms recommended by the IMF such as increasing foreign exchange reserves and promoting greater transparency in government spending
  • Increased oil production supported 7% of the GDP growth in 2003
  • Communications Overview
  • From a general assessment point of view telephone services are limited to the government, government owned enterprises and business use
  • AF radiotelephone is used extensively for military links
  • Domestic assessment , there is a limited system of wire, microwave radio relay, troposheric scatter
  • However internationally there are 2 satellite earth stations (Intelsat) positioned over the Atlantic Ocean
  • Fibre optic submarine cables provide connectivity to Europe and Asia


Western side of Southern Africa, bordering thr South Atlantic Ocean, between Namibia and Democratc Republic of Congo.
Total Area: 1,246,700 sq km
Natural Resources: Petroleum, diamonds, iron ore, phosphates, copper, feldspar, gold, bauxite, uranium, lead, zinc and manganese
Capital Luanda
Currency Kwanza (AOA)
Major Ethnic Groups                                                                 Ovimbundu 37%, Kimbundu 25%, Bakongo 13%, Mestico (coloured) 2%, European 1% and others 22%.
Main Languages Portuguese (official), Umbundu, Kimbundu, Kikiongo, Chokwe, Kwanyma, Fiote, Ngangela, Songu and other African languages

Telephones (Main Lines) 98,200 (2006)
Telephones (Mobile) 2.264 million (2006)
Telephone System general assessment: telephone service limited mostly to government and business use; HF radiotelephone used extensively for military links
domestic: limited system of wire, microwave radio relay, and tropospheric scatter

International country code- 244; satellite earth stations - 29 ; fiber optic submarine cable (SAT-3/WASC) provides connectivity to Europe and Asia

Internet: 4 000 subscribers
Television Sets: 300 000
Radio Sets: 600 000


Religious Breakdown                     Christian 53%,
Traditional and Anamistic 47%
Population 10,4 million (31% urban)
Age structure:
0-14 years: 43.7% (male 2,706,276/female 2,654,338)
15-64 years: 53.5% (male 3,339,114/female 3,225,121)
65 years and over: 2.8% (male 149,414/female 189,333) (2007 est.)
Literacy: Age 15 and over that can read or write
Total Population Total Population 42%
Male 56%
Female 28%
HIV/AIDS Adult Prevalence Rate 3.9% (2003 est.)
People Living with 240,000 (2003 est.) HIV/AIDS
Deaths 21,000 (2003 est.)


Government Transitional government, nominally a multiparty democracy
Constitution adopted by People's Assembly 25 August 1992
Legal System based on Portuguese civil law system and customary law; recently modified to accommodate political pluralism and increased use of free markets
Chief of State President Jose Eduardo Dos Santos
Head of Government  President Jose Eduardo Dos Santos (since 21 September 1979); Fernando de Piedade Dias DOS SANTOS was appointed prime minister on 6 December 2002
Elections                                                                                                                                                                                     President elected by universal ballot for a five-year term (eligible for a second consecutive or discontinuous term) under the 1992 constitution; President DOS SANTOS originally elected (in 1979) without opposition under a one-party system and stood for reelection in Angola's first multiparty elections 29-30 September 1992 (next to be held in 2009)
Executive Branch Chief of State President Jose Eduardo DOS SANTOS
Head of Government President Jose Eduardo DOS SANTOS
Legislative Branch

Unicameral National Assembly or Assembleia Nacional (220 seats; members unicameral National Assembly or Assembleia Nacional (220 seats; members elected by proportional vote to serve four-year terms)

Elections last held 29-30 September 1992 (next to be held in September 2008)

Results percent of vote by party - MPLA 54%, UNITA 34%, others 12%
Seats by party - MPLA 129, UNITA 70, PRS 6, FNLA 5, PLD 3, others 7

Banking And Business

Government Sector  
Private sector                                              

Mon-Fri (08h00-16h45)

Lunchtime (Siesta) Mon-Fri
(12h00 - 14h00)

GDP Purchasing Power Parity $54.65 billion (2006 est.)
Projected GDP Growth: +2,2%
Increase in CPI: 240%
Real Growth Rate 16.1% (2006 est.)
Per Capita $4,500 (2006 est.)
GDP Composition agriculture: 9.6%
(By Sector) industry: 65.8%
services: 24.6% (2005 est.)
Investment (Gross Fixed) 14.6% of GDP (2006 est.)
Population Below Poverty Line 70% (2003 est.)
Labour Labour Force 6.393 million (2006 est.)
Labour Force by Sector Agriculture 85%
Industry and Services 15%(2003 est.)
Unemployment Rate extensive unemployment and underemployment affecting more than half the population (2001 est.)
Currency Kwanza (AOA)
Electricity Electricity Production 2.194 billion kWh (2004)
Electricity Consumption 2.04 billion kWh (2004)
Electricity Exports 0 kWh (2001)
Electricity Imports 0 kWh (2001)
Export $35.53 billion f.o.b. (2006 est.)
Crude oil, diamonds, refined petroleum products, gas, coffee, sisal, fish and fish products, timber, cotton
Export Partners Export Partners
US 38.6%,
China 34.7%,
France 4.9%,
Chile 4.2% (2006)
Oil Production 1.6 million bbl/day (2005 est.)
Oil Consumption 48,000 bbl/day (2004 est.)
Oil Exports NA (2001)
Oil Imports NA (2001)
Oil Proved Reserves 5.412 billion bbl (1 January 2005 est.)

Railways total: 2952 km, 6456 million passenger km, 867 million freight-ton km

Roads: 19 156 km paved roads: 57470 km total roads, 232 000 motor vehicles

Pipelines: 179 km Crude Oil

Waterways 1,300 km (2007)

Ports and Harbours: Ambriz, Cabinda, Lobito, Luanda, Namibe, Porto Amboim and Soyo
Shipments: 1,3 million metric tons landed, 23,3 million metric tons shipped

International Airport: Luanda
Airports 244 (2003 est.)
Airline Traffic: 13 million km, 545 000 passengers, 212 million freight ton - km.

Schooling And Holidays

School Hours  
Public Holidays                            


Jan 1 2005 New Year’s Day.
Jan 4 Martyrs of the Colonial Repression Day.
Feb 4 Start of Liberation War.
Mar 8 International Women’s Day.
Apr 4 Peace and Reconciliation Day.
Apr 9 Good Friday. Apr 12 Easter Monday.
May 1 Labour Day. May 25 Africa Day.
Jun 1 International Children’s Day.
Sep 17 Nation’s Founder and National Hero’s Day
Nov 2 All Soul’s Day.
Nov 11 Independence Day.
Dec 25 Christmas Day.
Jan 1 2006 New Year’s Day
Jan 4 Martyrs of the Colonial Repression Day.
Feb 4 Start of Liberation War.
Mar 8 International Women’s Day.
Apr 4 Peace and Reconciliation Day.
Apr 14 Good Friday.
Apr 17 Easter Monday.
May 1 Labour Day.
May 25 Africa Day.
Jun 1 International Children’s Day.
Sep 17 Nation’s Founder and National Hero’s Day.
Nov 2 All Soul’s Day.
Nov 11 Independence Day.
Dec 25 Christmas Day.



Tv Stations

Public Broadcaster

  • Language - Portuguese
  • Broadcast hours - Portuguese
  • Booking deadlines - 7 days
  • Broadcast Hours 14 hours
  • Material Deadlines - 7 days
  • Agency Commission - 16,5%
  • Material requirement - Betacam SP
  • Media Owner
  • Status of Owner - Government
  • Footprint - National

Radio Stations


  • O Independente (Weekly) Portuguese
  • A Celular (Monthly) Portuguese
  • Angola Peace Monitor (Monthly) Portuguese
  • A Voz do Trabalhador (Monthly) Portuguese
  • Boletin Informativo (Monthly) Portuguese
  • Boletim Mensal de Estatistica (Monthly) Portuguese
  • Horizonte (Monthly) Portuguese
  • La Terra Angolana (Monthly) Portuguese
  • Lavra & Oficina (Monthly) Portuguese
  • Novembro (Monthly) Portuguese
  • Tempos Novos (Monthly) Portuguese
  • Boletim do Instituto de Angola (Quarterly) Portuguese
  • Comercio Actualidade (Quarterly) Portuguese
  • SADC Energy (Quarterly) English, Portuguese, French & Spanish
  • Militar (Irregular) Portuguese


Jornal De Angola is the Leading Daily Newspaper with a National Footprint.

All Weekend Newspaper's are mainly distributed in Luanda, with very little distribution in other cities.

All Newspaper's have similar contents from Politic, Sports, Economics, Culture etc etc.
Papers generally have a poor print run – below 8,000
Papers have good supply of adverts and often it is difficult to obtain space.

The only daily newspaper is the Portuguese-language, state-owned Jornal de Angola, which published its first edition on July 29, 1975. The private press, often viewed as the only section of the media to reflect a range of political views, is growing slowly. As of 2004, there were seven private newspapers in Angola: Folha 8, established in 1994; Agora, established in 1996; O Angolense, established in 1997; and Semanário Angolense, Actual, A Capital, and A Palavra, all established in 2003. These run weekly. Often, technical and financial constraints, rather than political obstacles, hinder these newspapers’ efforts to reach their readers. Newspaper distribution is limited almost exclusively to Luanda and the papers cost on average 120 Kwanzas (approximately $1.50 (U.S.)) each. Therefore, they reach just a few thousand Angolans

  • Diario da Republica (Portuguese),
  • O Jornal de Angola (Portuguese),
  • O Jouranal dos Desportos (Portuguese),
  • Kwacha Unita (Portugues and English).
2x Weekly:
  • Jornal de Benguela (Portuguese)
  • Folha 8 (Portuguese)
  • O Planalto (Portuguese)
  • Actual Fax (Portuguese)
  • Agora (Portuguese)
  • Angola Norte (Portuguese)
  • Angolense (Portuguese)
  • Correio da Semana (Portuguese)
  • Eme (Portuguese)
  • Noticia (Portuguese)
  • O Independente (Portuguese)

Angola press

Less Than 5% of the papers reach outside of Luanda
22,000 copies in total are printed out of 8 newspapers

  • O Jornal de Angola (Daily) Portuguese
    Type: Daily Newspaper
    Interests : General and International News
    Est. Circulation : No Research
    Print Order : 30 000
    Frequency : Daily
    Cover dates : Mon-Fri
    Booking : 7 days prior
    Material : 10 days prior
    Cancellation 14 days prior

    Format : Tabloid (6 columns)
    Trim : 390mm x 280 mm
    Type Area : 360mm x 260mm
    Agency Commission : 15%
    Material Requirements
    Saved on CD – Tif, PDF, Corel or Paint
  • Angolense (Weekly) Portuguese
    Type : Daily Newspaper
    Interests : General and International News
    Est. Circulation : 30 000
    Print Order
    Frequency : Weekly
    Cover dates : Sat
    Booking : 7 days prior
    Material : 10 days prior
    Cancellation : 14 days prior
    Format : Tabloid (6 columns)
    Trim : 360mm x 240 mm
    Type Area : 320mm x 220mm
    Agency Commission : 15%
    Material Requirements Saved on CD – Tiff, PDF, Corel or Paint
  • O Jouranal dos Desportos (Daily) Portuguese
  • Kwacha Unita (Daily) Portuguese & English
  • Jornal de Banguela (2xWeekly) Portuguese
  • Folha 8 (2xWeekly) Portuguese
  • O Planalto (2xWeekly) Portuguese
  • Actual Fax (Weekly) Portuguese
  • Agora (Weekly) Portuguese
  • Diario da Republica (Daily) Portuguese
  • Angola Norte (Weekly) Portuguese
  • Correio da Semana (Weekly) Portuguese
  • Eme (Weekly) Portuguese
  • Noticia (Weekly) Portuguese
  • O Independente (Weekly) Portuguese
  • Militar (Irregular) Portuguese

Outdoor Media

Country Data