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Flag of Chad

Background Information

  • Chad, part of France's African holdings until 1960, endured three decades of civil warfare as well as invasions by Libya before a semblance of peace was finally restored in 1990.
  • The government eventually drafted a democratic constitution, and held flawed presidential elections in 1996 and 2001. In 1998, a rebellion broke out in northern Chad, which sporadically flares up despite several peace agreements between the government and the rebels.
  • In 2005 new rebel groups emerged in Western Sudan and have made probing attacks into eastern Chad. Power remains in the hands of an ethnic minority. In June 2005, President Idriss DEBY held a referendum successfully removing constitutional term limits.


Capital N'Djamena
Currency CFA Franc (XAF)
Major Ethnic Groups                               80% southerners (Black Africanc - Sara, Ngambaye, Mbaye, Goulaye, Moundang, Moussei, Massa)
18% Gorane and 2% foreigners
Main Languages French (Official),
Arabic (Official),
Sara and Sango


Religious Breakdown                               Muslim 53.1%, Catholic 20.1%, Protestant 14.2%, animist 7.3%, other 0.5%, unknown 1.7%, atheist 3.1% (1993 census)
Population 9,885,661 (July 2007 est.)
Growth Rate :2.32% (2007 est.)
Death Rate : 16.69 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
HIV/AIDS Adult Prevalence Rate 4.8% (2003 est.)
People Living with HIV/AIDS 200,000 (2003 est.)
Deaths 18,000 (2003 est.)
Literacy – Definition : Age 15 and over that can read or write
Total Population 47.5%
Male 56%
Female 39.3% (2003 est.)


Government Republic
Constitution passed by referendum 31 March 1996; a June 2005 referendum removed constitutional term limits
Legal System based on French civil law system and Chadian customary law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Chief of State President Lt. Gen. Idriss DEBY Itno (since 4 December 1990)
Head of Government Prime Minister Nouradine Delwa KASSIRE Koumakoye (since 26 February 2007)
Elections                                                                                                                                             President elected by popular vote to serve five-year term; if no candidate receives at least 50% of the total vote, the two candidates receiving the most votes must stand for a second round of voting; last held 3 May 2006 (next to be held by May 2011); prime minister appointed by the president
Cabinet Council of State, members appointed by the president on the recommendation of the prime minister

Banking And Business

GDP Purchasing Power Parity $14.98 billion (2006 est.)
Real Growth Rate 1.3% (2006 est.)
Per Capita $1,500 (2006 est.)
Composition By Sector              Agriculture: 32.5%
Industry: 26.6%
Services: 40.8% (2006 est.)
Labour Labour Force 2.719 million (1993)
Labour Force by occupation
Agriculture 80%
(subsistence farming, herding, and fishing)
industry and services: 20%
Electricity Electricity Production 
94 million kWh (2004)
Electricity Production 
Fossil Fuel 100%
Hydro 0%
Nuclear 0%
Electricity Consumption 87.42 million kWh (2004)
Exports 0 kWh (2004)
Imports 0 kWh (2004)
Export $4.342 billion f.o.b. (2006 est.)
Export Commodities Cotton, cattle, gum arabic, oil
Export Partners US 80.6%,
China 10.4%,
South Korea 2.6% (2006)
Imports $823.1 million f.o.b. (2006 est.)
Imports Commodities machinery and transportation equipment, industrial goods, foodstuffs, textiles
Imports Partners France 19.1%,
Cameroon 18.1%,
US 12.9%,
Germany 7.5%,
Saudi Arabia 5.1%,
Belgium 5% (2006)
Transportation Highways Total: 33,400 km
Paved 267 km
Unpaved 33,133 km (1999)
Waterways Chari and Legone rivers are navigable only in wet season (2006)
Airports: 52 (2006)
Banking and Business Hours
Government Sector 08h00 – 16h00

Schooling And Holidays

Public Holidays                     

1 Jan New Year's Day
24 Mar Easter Monday
13 Apr National Day
1 May Labour Day
25 May Liberation of Africa (anniversary of the OAU's foundation)
11 Aug Independence Day.
2 Oct Eid al-Fitr (End of Ramadan)
1 Nov All Saints' Day.
28 Nov Proclamation of the Republic.
1 Dec Day of Liberty and Democracy
9 Dec Eid al-Adha (Feast of the Sacrifice)
25 Dec Christmas Day.



Tv Stations

  • Tele-Tchad (French and Arabic)

Radio Stations

  • RNT (4 channels) - (French, Arabic and 8 vernacular languages )
  • Radio Mondou - (Languages not known)
  • Radio Sarh - (Languages not known)
  • Radio Abeche - (Languages not known)
  • Africa No 1 - (French)
  • Radio France Internationale - (French)



  • Info-Tchad ( French )
  • N'Djamena Hebdo - (Sara)
  • Le Progres - (French)
  • Al Watan - (Arabic)
  • L'Observateur - (French)

Outdoor Media

Country Data