Dallol, Ethiopia, is the hottest inhabited place on Earth and features everything from volcanoes to geysers and salt canyons.
With 3000 languages spoken in Africa, advertisers should use English and vernacular.
Africa is home to the world’s largest living land animal - the African Elephant.
Most leading print dailies across Africa now offer an online version of their publication.
The Sahara desert in northern Africa is the largest non-polar desert in the world.
Facebook is the most widely used social media platform in Sub-Saharan-Africa.
The Nile is the longest river in the world and flows through 10 countries.
Africa provides home to ±1 billion people and is origin to 25% of world languages.
The lowest point in Africa is crater Lake Assal, Djibouti, at 155m below sea level.
“General News” is the most sought after information on TV, radio, print and online.
Lake Victoria is one of the 7 natural wonders of the world and the largest lake in Africa.
Early humans first migrated out of Africa into Asia about 2 million years ago.
Africa is the 2nd largest continent in both land mass and population.
175 million years ago, Africa was joined to other countries in a continent called Pangaea.


Flag of Egypt

Background Information

  • The regularity and richness of the annual Nile River flood, coupled with semi-isolation provided by deserts to the east and west, allowed for the development of one of the world's great civilizations.
  • A unified kingdom arose circa 3200 B.C., and a series of dynasties ruled in Egypt for the next three millennia. The last native dynasty fell to the Persians in 341 B.C., who in turn were replaced by the Greeks, Romans, and Byzantines.
  • It was the Arabs who introduced Islam and the Arabic language in the 7th century and who ruled for the next six centuries. A local military caste, the Mamluks took control about 1250 and continued to govern after the conquest of Egypt by the Ottoman Turks in 1517.
  • Following the completion of the Suez Canal in 1869, Egypt became an important world transportation hub, but also fell heavily into debt. Ostensibly to protect its investments, Britain seized control of Egypt's government in 1882, but nominal allegiance to the Ottoman Empire continued until 1914.
  • Partially independent from the UK in 1922, Egypt acquired full sovereignty following World War II. The completion of the Aswan High Dam in 1971 and the resultant Lake Nasser have altered the time-honored place of the Nile River in the agriculture and ecology of Egypt.
  • A rapidly growing population (the largest in the Arab world), limited arable land, and dependence on the Nile all continue to overtax resources and stress society. The government has struggled to ready the economy for the new millennium through economic reform and massive investment in communications and physical infrastructure.


Capital Cairo
Currency Egyptian Pound (EGP)
Major Ethnic Groups                         Egyptian 98%,
Bedouin, and Beja 1%
other European (primarily Italian and French) 1%
Main Languages Arabic (official),
English and French widely understood by educated classes


Religious Breakdown                     Muslim (mostly Sunni) 90%,
Coptic 9%,
other Christian 1%
Population 80,335,036 (July 2007 est.)
Growth Rate : 1.721% (2007 est.)
Death Rate : 5.11 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
HIV/AIDS Adult Prevalence Rate less than 0.1% (2001 est.)
People Living with HIV/AIDS 12,000 (2001 est.)
Deaths 700 (2003 est.)
Literacy – Definition : Age 15 and over that can read or write
Total Population 71.4%
Male 83%
Female 59.4% (2005 est.)


Government Republic
Constitution 11 September 1971; amended 22 May 1980 and 25 May 2005
Legal System                                                                                                               Based on Islamic and civil law (particularly Napoleonic codes); judicial review by Supreme Court and Council of State (oversees validity of administrative decisions); accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations
Chief of State President Mohammed Hosni MUBARAK (since 14 October 1981)
Head of Government Prime Minister Ahmed NAZIF (since 9 July 2004)
Elections President elected by popular vote for six-year term (no term limits);
Cabinet Cabinet appointed by the President

Banking And Business

GDP Purchasing Power Parity $334.4 billion (2006 est.)
Real Growth Rate 6.8% (2006 est.)
Per Capita $4,200 (2006 est.)
Composition By Sector                                                                                                         Agriculture: 14.7%
Industry: 35.5%
Services: 49.8% (2006 est.)
Labour Labour Force 21.8 million (2006 est.)
Labour Force by Sector
Agriculture 32%
Industry 17%
Services 51% (2001 est.)
Unemployment Rate 10.3% (2006 est.)
Electricity Electricity Production 
91.72 billion kWh (2004)
Electricity Production 
Fossil Fuel 81%
Hydro 19%
Nuclear 0%
Other: 0%
Electricity Consumption 84.49 billion kWh (2004) Exports 1 billion kWh (2004)
Imports 200 million kWh (2004)
Export $24.22 billion f.o.b. (2006 est.)
Export Commodities Crude oil and petroleum products, cotton, textiles, metal products, chemicals
Export Partners Italy 12.1%, US 11.3%, Spain 8.5%, UK 5.5%, France 5.4%, Syria 5.1%, Saudi Arabia 4.3%, Germany 4.1% (2006)
Transportation Railways Total 5,063 km
Highways Total: 92,370 km
Paved 74,820 km
Unpaved 17,550 km (2004)
Waterways 3,500 km (includes Nile River, Lake Nasser, Alexandria-Cairo Waterway, and numerous smaller canals in delta; Suez Canal (193.5 km including approaches) navigable by oceangoing vessels drawing up to 17.68 m (2006))
Air Transport Airports 88 (2006)

Schooling And Holidays

Public Holidays                           

tbc* Coptic Christmas Day
10 Jan Islamic New Year
20 Mar Birth of the Prophet
27 Apr* Sham el-Nassim (Coptic Easter)
25 Apr Sinai Liberation Day (Sinai only)
1 May Labour Day
18 Jun Liberation Day
23 Jul Revolution Day
tbc* Coptic New Year
2 Sep First Day of Ramadan
6 Oct Armed Forces Da
2-5 Oct Bairam Feast (End of Ramadan)
24 Oct Suez Victory Day
23 Dec Victory Day.
9-11 Dec Grand Feast.
29 Dec Islamic New Year.



Tv Stations

  • Egyptian Television (Egyptian Radio and Television Union) – 9 Channels Arabic
  • Television broadcast stations: 98 (September 1995)
  • Televisions: 7.7 million (1997)

Radio Stations

  • ERTU (Egyptian Radio and Television Union)
  • ERTU 1 Egypt Radio International - Arabic, English & French
  • ERTU 2 General Radio Programming - Arabic
  • ERTU 3 Youth & Sports Radio - Arabic
  • ERTU 4 Cultural Radio - Arabic
  • ERTU 5 Educational Radio - Arabic
  • ERTU 6 Voice of the Arabs - Arabic
  • ERTU 7 Local Radio Programmes - Arabic
  • Alexandria Radio - Arabic
  • Asharq Awsat Radio - Arabic
  • El Delta Radio - Arabic
  • European Radio Service - English & French
  • Greater Cairo Radio - Arabic
  • Um kakhom - Arabic
  • Matroh Radio - Arabic
  • Middle of Delta Radio - Arabic
  • Music Radio - Arabic
  • North Sinai Radio - Arabic
  • North Upper Egypt Radio - Arabic
  • Al Qana (The Canal) - Arabic
  • Quran kanem (Holy Koran Programme) - Arabic
  • Al Shabab Wal Riyada - Arabic
  • Saw t – All Arab Radio - Arabic
  • Sinai Radio - Arabic
  • South Sinai Radio - Arabic
  • South Upper Egypt Radio - Arabic
  • Wadi al-Nil - Arabic
  • El Wadi - Arabic
  • Wady el Gadid - Arabic
  • BBC Arabic Service - Arabic
  • BBC World Service - English
  • Hebrew Radio - Arabic
  • Middle East Radio - Arabic
  • Palestine Radio - Arabic
  • Radio Monte Carlo - French
  • Voice of America - English
Radio broadcast stations: AM 42 (plus 15 repeaters), FM 14, shortwave 3 (1999)

Radios: 20.5 million (1997)


  • In-Flight Magazine
  • Cairo Times Magazine (Weekly) English
  • Hawa’s (Weekly) Arabic
  • Informateur Financier et commercial (Weekly) French


  • Al Ahrar (Daily) Arabic
  • Al Akhar (Daily) Arabic
  • Arev (Daily) Armenian
  • Barid al-Charikat (Daily) Arabic
  • Egyptian Gazette (Daily) English
  • Al Gomhouria (Daily) Arabic
  • Al-Ittihad al-Mistri (Daily) Arabic
  • Le Journal de Alexandrie (Daily) French
  • Le Journal d’Egypt (Daily) French
  • Al Messa (Daily) Arabic
  • Phos (Daily) Greek
  • Le Progres Egyptien (Daily) French
  • La Reforme (Daily) French
  • As Safeer (Daily) Arabic
  • As Safeer (Daily) Arabic
  • Tachydromos-Egyptos (Daily) Greek
  • Al-Ahad Al-Gedid (Weekly) Arabic
  • Al-Ahali (Weekly) Arabic
  • Al-Ahram al-Arabi (Weekly) Arabic
  • Al-Ahram Hebdo (Weekly) French
  • Al-Ahram al-Iqtisadi (Weekly) Arabic
  • Al-Ahram Weekly (Weekly) Englsh
  • Akhbar al-Hawadith (Weekly) Arabic
  • Akhbar al-Nogoome (weekly) Arabic
  • Akhbar ar-Riadah (Weekly) Arabic
  • Akhbar Al Yaum (Weekly) Arabic
  • Akher Sa’a (Weekly) Arabic
  • Aqidaty (Weekly) Arabic
  • L’Echo Sportif (Weekly) French
  • Les Echos (weekly) French
  • Egyptian Mail (Weekly) English
  • Al – Garidat Al – Tigariyat Al Misriya (Weekly) Arabic
  • Horreyati (Weekly) Arabic
  • Al – Liwa Al – Islami (Weekly) Arabic
  • Al – Kerazeh (Weekly) Arabic
  • MEN Economic Weekly (Weekly) English and Arabic
  • Mena (Weekly) Arabic
  • Middle East Observer (Weekly) English and Arabic
  • Middle East Times – Egypt (Weekly) English
  • Al – Omal (Weekly) Arabic
  • Le Progres Dimanche (weekly) French
  • La Reforme Illustree (Weekly) French
  • Al – Sabah (Weekly) Arabic
  • El – Shaab (Weekly) Arabic and French
  • At – Tahir (Weekly) Arabic
  • At – Taqaddum (Weekly) Arabic
  • Al – Wafd (Weekly) Arabic
  • Watani (Weekly) Arabic

Outdoor Media

All out door rates are subject to negotioation
All out door advertisments are subject to 15 % sales tax.
Country Data