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Flag of Tanzania

Background Information

  • Shortly after Independence, Tanganyika and Zanzibar merged to form the nation of Tanzania in 1964.
    One-party rule came to an end in 1995 with the first democratic elections held in the country since the 1970’s.
  • Zanzibar’s semi autonomous status and popular opposition have led to two contentious elect since 1995, which the ruling party won despite international observers clair voting irregularities.
    Eastern Africa, bordering the Indian Ocean, between Kenya and Mozambique.
  • Tanzania is slightly larger than twice the size of California.
  • Tanzania remains one of the poorest countries in the world, heavily reliant on foreign aid, with many of its people living below the World Bank poverty line.
  • Includes the islands of Mafia, Pemba and Zanzibar.
  • Bordering countries include Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Uganda and Zambia
  • Climate varies from Tropical along coast to temperate in highlands. Terrain Plains along coast, central plateau, highlands in north and South.
  • Natural Resources include hydropower, tin, phosphates, iron ore, coal, diamonds, gemstones, gold, natural gas and nickel.


Capital Dar Es Salaam
Currency Tanzanian Shillings (TZS)
Major Ethnic Groups                          
Mainland - African 99% (of which 95% are Bantu consisting of more than 130 tribes),
Other 1% (consisting of Asian, European, and Arab);
Zanzibar - Arab, African, mixed Arab and African
Main Languages Kiswahhili or Swahili (Official)


Religious Breakdown                       
Mainland - Christian 30%, Muslim 35%, Indigenous beliefs 35%;
Zanzibar - more than 99% Muslim
Population 39,384,223
Growth Rate: 2.091% (2007 est.)
Birth rate: 35.95 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Death rate: 13.36 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
HIVAIDS Adult Prevalence Rate 8.8% (2003 est.)
People Living with HIVAIDS : 1.6 million (2003 est.)
Deaths 160,000 (2003 est.)
Labour Force 19.35 million (2006 est.)
Labour Force by Sector Agriculture 80%
Industry 20%
Services 20%
Unemployment NA
Literacy: Age 15 and over that can read or write
Total Population 69.4%
Male 77.5%
Female 62.2%


Government Republic
Constitution 25 April 1977; major revisions October 1984
Legal System                                                                                                           based on English common law; judicial review of legislative acts limited to matters of interpretation; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Chief of State President Jakaya KIKWETE
Vice President Dr. Ali Mohammed SHEIN
Head of Government President Jakaya KIKWETE (since 21 December 2005);
Vice President Dr. Ali Mohammed SHEIN (since 5 July 2001)
Elections President and vice president elected on the same ballot by popular vote for five-year terms (eligible for a second term); election last held 14 December 2005 (next to be held in December 2010);
Cabinet Cabinet appointed by the president from among the members of the National Assembly
Prime Minister Prime minister appointed by the president

Banking And Business

Banking & Office Hours Mon-Fri 08h00-17h00
GDP Purchasing Power Parity $29.64 billion (2006 est.)
Official exchange rate: $13.14 billion (2006 est.)
Real Growth Rate 5.9% (2006 est.)
Per Capital $600 (2003 est.)
Composition By Sector                                                                                                   Agriculture 43.3%
Industry 17.7%
Services 39%
Industries Agricultural processing (sugar, beer, cigarettes, sisal twine); diamond, gold, and iron mining, salt, soda ash; cement, oil refining, shoes, apparel, wood products, fertilizer
Electricity Electricity Production 2.562 billion kWh (2004)
Electricity Consumption 2.383 billion kWh (2004)
Electricity Exports 0 kWh
Electricity Imports 0 kWh (2004)
Transportation Railways Total 3,690 km
Narrow Gauge 969 km 1.067-m gauge; 2,721 km 1.000-m gauge (2006)
Highways Total: 78,891 km
Paved 6,808 km
Unpaved 72,083 km (2003)
Lake Tanganyika, Lake Victoria, and Lake Nyasa principal avenues of commerce with neighboring countries; rivers not navigable (2005)
Ports and terminals: Dar es Salaam, Mtwara, Zanzibar City
Air Transport 124 (2006)
Economy Tanzania is one of the poorest countries in the world. The economy depends heavily on agriculture, which accounts for almost half of GDP, provides 85% of exports, and employs 80% of the work force.
Exports $1.831 billion f.o.b. (2006 est.)
Gold, Coffee, Cashew nuts, Manufactures, Cotton
Imports $3.18 billion f.o.b. (2006 est.)
Consumer goods, Machinery and transportation equipment, Industrial raw materials, Crude oil
Major trading partners South Africa, China, India, Kenya, India, Netherlands, UAE, Japan, Zambia, Germany

Schooling And Holidays

Public Holidays                              

Jan 01 New Years Day
Jan 12 Zanzibar Revolution Day
March 25 Good Friday
March 28 Easter Monday
April 7 Heroes Day
April 26 Union Day
May 1 Workers Day
July 7 Trade Fair Day
August 8 Farmers Day
October 14 Nyerere Day
December 9 Independence
December 25 Christmas Day
December 26 Boxing Day



Tv Stations

  • ITV Channel 1 (Independent Television) English & Kiswahili
  • ITV Channel 2 (Independent Television) English
  • DTV (Dar es Salaam Tv) English & Kiswahili
  • CTN (Coastal Television Network) English,Kiswahili & Hindustani
  • CEN (Cable Entertainment Network) English,Kiswahili & Hindustani
  • TVZ (Television Zanzibar) English
  • TVT (Televisheni ya Taifa) English
  • Star Tv English & Kiswahili
  • Channel 5 - East Africa Television English & Kiswahili

Radio Stations

  • RTD General Service (Radio Tanzania) Kiswahili
  • RTD Regional Service (Radio Tanzania) Kiswahili
  • RTD External Service (Radio Tanzania) English
  • City Radio,Dar es Salaam English & Kiswahili
  • Radio One – Channel 1 – Local Service English & Kiswahili
  • Radio One – Channel 2 – BBC World Service English
  • Clouds FM English
  • Sauti ya Tanzibar Kiswahili
  • Radio Free Africa/Metro FM English & Kiswahili
  • Radio 5 Arusha English & Kiswahili
  • Radio Kwizera N’Gara
  • Radio Maria Kiswahili
  • East Africa Radio English & Kiswahili
  • Magic English & Kiswahili



  • The African (Daily) Eng & Swahili
  • Alasiri (Daily) Swahili
  • The Express (Daily) Eng
  • Uhuru (Daily) Swahili
  • Daily Mail (Daily) Eng
  • Daily News (Daily) Eng
  • The Guardian (Daily) Eng
  • Kipanga (Daily) Swahili
  • Nipashe (Daily) Swahili
  • Arusha Times (Daily) Eng & Swahili
  • Mafanyakazi (2 x Wkly) Eng & Swahili
  • Mzalendo (Wkly) Swahili
  • The Citizen English
  • Mwananchi Swahili
  • Guardian English
  • Nipashe Swahili
  • The Sunday Observer English
  • The Financial Times English
  • Kasheshe Kiswahili
  • Taifa Letu Kiswahili
  • Lete Raha Kiswahili
  • Nipashe Jumapili Kiswahili
  • The Business Times English

Outdoor Media

Bus Shelters

Suburb Signs

Street Finders



Country Data